"What I cannot create, I do not understand." – R. Feynman
Lee H. de-Wit, Jonas Kubilius, Johan Wagemans, Hans P. Op de Beeck

Bistable Gestalts reduce activity in the whole of V1, not just the retinotopically predicted parts

Journal of Vision , 12 (11) , 12 article pdf poster at OCCAM 2012

Activity in the primary visual cortex reduces when certain stimuli can be perceptually organized as a unified Gestalt. This reduction could offer important insights into the nature of feedback computations within the human visual system; however, the properties of this response reduction have not yet been investigated in detail. Here we replicate this reduced V1 response, but find that the modulation in V1 (and V2) to the perceived organization of the input is not specific to the retinotopic location at which the sensory input from that stimulus is represented. Instead, we find a response modulation that is equally evident across the primary visual cortex. Thus in contradiction to some models of hierarchical predictive coding, the perception of an organized Gestalt causes a broad feedback effect that does not act specifically on the part of the retinotopic map representing the sensory input.